What are the symptoms of chlamydia, how do you test if you’re positive and how do you treat it?

CHLAMYDIA is a sexually transmitted infection that’s possible to cure – but sadly, spotting the symptoms isn’t always easy.

However, ongoing tests on a chlamydia vaccine have shown the jab is safe and could be available in just five years. Here’s everything you need to know about the common STI that can have devastating impacts if left undiagnosed…

Thousands of Brits could be carrying the bacterial infection without any knowledge of it at all
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What are the symptoms of chlamydia?

In the majority of cases, people with chlamydia don’t notice any symptoms at all.

Worryingly, this can mean they go undiagnosed.

The NHS outlines some warning signs to look out for…

  • pain when urinating
  • unusual discharge from the vagina, penis or rectum
  • in women, pain in the tummy, bleeding during or after sex, and bleeding between periods
  • in men, pain and swelling in the testicles

If untreated, these symptoms may develop into something a lot more serious.

Sufferers can end up with long-term health problems including pelvic inflammatory disease, reactive arthritis and infertility.


Notice any of these warning signs? It’s advisable to visit a medical professional
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How do you test if you’re positive?

If you notice any of these symptoms, it’s advisable to visit your local GP or a sexual health clinic.

To diagnose the sexually transmitted infection, medical professionals may carry out a urine or swab test.

Under 25s can also get tested by the National Chlamydia Screening Programme.

To find out more information, visit the official NCSP website.


Doctors may take a urine sample or conduct a swab test
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How can you treat chlamydia?

Unlike other STIs, chlamydia is curable.

It can be treated with antibiotics, which may be prescribed in a course of tablets or for single use.

During this period, it’s important not to engage in sexual activity.

It may be wise to carry out another medical test after treatment is complete, to check that your body has expelled the infection.

To prevent the spread of STIs, using condoms during sex is advisable
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How can you prevent chlamydia?

Chlamydia can affect anyone who is sexually active.

The NHS outlines preventative measures you can take to avoid contracting the STI…

  • using a condom every time you have vaginal or anal sex
  • using a condom to cover the penis during oral sex
  • using a dam (a piece of thin, soft plastic or latex) to cover the female genitals during oral sex or when rubbing female genitals together
  • not sharing sex toys

How can you contract chlamydia?

In Britain, chlamydia is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections.

As it is bacterial, it can be treated after diagnosis.

Around 200,000 people test positive for the curable STI every year.

The best way to protect yourself from the health problem is to use condoms during sexual intercourse.

If you’re sexually active, it’s important to be tested for STIs every year.

This is crucial if you’re planning on engaging with different sexual partners.


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